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Cause of Lower Back Pain
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Vitamin for Acne Treatment
Vitamin A & Beta Carotene
Vitamin A Deficiency & Carotene
Vitamin B Complex Benefit
Vitamin B1 Thimaine
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Deficiency
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Deficiency
Vitamin B3 Niacin
Vitamin B3 Niacin Deficiency
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid & Acne
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Benefit
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine Health Benefit
Vitamin B7 Biotin & Hair Loss
Vitamin B7 Biotin Deficiency
Vitamin B9 Folic Acid Pregnancy
Vitamin B9 Folic Acid Deficiency
Vitamin B12 Benefit & Side Effects
Vitamin B12 Deficiency & Symptoms
Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin C Health Benefits
Vitamin C Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin C and Vitamine E
Vitamin D Benefits
VItamin D Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin E Health Benefit
Vitamin E Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin K Food & Benefit
Vitamin K Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin K Supplements

Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Benefit & Side Effects

Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid and Wound Healing

Taking pantothenic acid orally and application of pantothenol ointment to the skin have been shown to accelerate the closure of skin wounds and increase the strength of scar tissue in animals. Adding calcium-D-pantothenate to cultured human skin cells given an artificial wound increased the number of migrating skin cells and their speed of migration, effects likely to accelerate wound healing.

Pantothenic Acid and High Cholesterol

A pantothenic acid derivative called pantethine has been reported by a number of investigators to have a cholesterol lowering effect. The research is still in the early stages, but it seems that pantethine can lower your overall cholesterol and triglycerides - if your levels are high to begin with. Pantethine was also found to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels in diabetic patients on hemodialysis without adverse side effects. The research is promising, because even really large doses of pantethine have no side effects, this makes it especially attractive for hemodialysis patients because of the increased risk of drug toxicity in patients with renal (kidney) failure.

Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Deficiency & Symptoms

For humans, there are no proven symptoms that exist for pantothenic acid deficiency. The rare Vitamin B5 deficient symptoms only occur on animals / pets. Dogs with pantothenic acid deficiency developed low blood glucose, rapid breathing and heart rates, and convulsions. Chickens developed skin irritation, feather abnormalities, and spinal nerve damage associated with the degeneration of the myelin sheath.

However, lack of one B vitamin usually means lack of other B nutrients. Pantothenic acid is usually given with other B vitamins. Once again, take a B-complex multi-vitamin supplement is strongly recommended for everyone.

Who are likely to be deficient in Pantothenic Acid?

Deficiency in Pantothenic Acid is very rare today. Most of the foods we intake daily have some forms of Pantothenic Acid in it. However, the following food sources contains the richest amount of vitamin B5:
Blue Cheese, Chicken, Eggs, Liver, Lobster, Milk, Oranges, Peanuts, Soybeans, Sunflower Seeds and Whole-grain Products.

Although most people do get enough Pantothenic Acid from their daily diet, there are still groups of people who may have lower levels of pantothenic acid levels:

  • Women that are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • People more than 55 years of age with general vitamin B deficiencies
  • People with inadequate caloric or nutritional dietary intake
  • People with increased nutritional requirements, mostly are athletes and people who participate in vigorous physical activities
  • People with a chronic wasting illness, such as malignancies, pancreatic insufficiency, cirrhosis of the liver, spruce etc...
  • People under stress for a long time
  • People who has recently undergone surgery

Note: studies have indicated that second hand smokers are likely to be deficient in all vitamins especially Vitamin C, B-complex Vitamins and Vitamin E. It is recommended for people in the above categories to take a B-complex multi-vitamin package instead of Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid alone.

Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid RDA

The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine felt the existing scientific evidence was insufficient to calculate an RDA for pantothenic acid, so they set an adequate intake level (AI). The AI for pantothenic acid was based on estimated dietary intakes in healthy population groups.

Adequate Intake for dietary vitamin B5 are listed below.

Children and Youth:

Infants 0-6 months: 1.7 mg/day
Infants 7-12 months: 1.8 mg/day
Children 1-3 years: 2 mg/day
Children 4-8 years: 3 mg/day
Children 9-13 years: 4 mg/day
Adolescents 14-18 years: 5 mg/day (female) 5 mg/day (male)


Adults 19 years and older: 5 mg/day (female) 5 mg/day (male)
Pregnancy all ages: 6 mg/day
Breastfeeding all ages: 7 mg/day


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